Thursday, May 21, 2020
My name is Thanvi Vatti and I am a rising senior at Olentangy Liberty High School in Powell, Ohio. I intend to Major in Psychology and Economics on a Pre-Med Path. I am currently looking towards Cornell University, Ohio State University, Northwestern University as potential colleges. I have always been passionate about medicine especially obstetrics and gynecology. This is what I envision for myself past college and medical school. Antiphospholipid syndrome is quite fascinating in how rare yet severe it is. I chose antiphospholipid syndrome because I am currently working on a project with this disease at the Molecular Human Genetics Lab at Nationwide Childrens Hospital Research Institute. My interest has only grown, as it is a prevalent disease among pregnant women, leading to miscarriage almost every time. In the coming years, I hope to continue my research as well as attend a top college in training for my intensive career plans. Antiphospholipid Syndrome occurs when the human imm une system creates antibodies targeted towards membrane phospholipids or their related plasma proteins, which manifests as persistent venous or arterial thrombosis and/or fetal loss. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is quite the hefty name, and its mechanism is just as intense. In the most simplistic way, APS deals with the human immune system. The same immune system that helps you feel better when getting a paper cut or the flu. The immune system works hard to help the body stay healthy. It isShow MoreRelatedPhysician: Healing the Modern World977 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesand my family. The education path to become a physician begins in high school. There are four main classes that are recommended in high school, Anatomy and Physiology, Chemistry, at least two years of a foreign language, and upper level math classes, all of which I have taken, or I am taking as of now (WIScareers). The next step in the education process is going to college. To become a physician I need to go to a school where I can do my undergraduate studies in pre-medicine. There is a plethoraRead MoreImmigrating And The United States1644 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesmy family owned a furniture factory and a store. After my parent s divorce, my mother kept the house and my father the company. Similarly, my mother opened her store for a few years and then a preschool, which was more related to her bachelor in psychology. However, my mother financial stability decreases after acquiring debts. My mother struggled with covering the preschool costs and providing for the house for which she decided to immigr ate to this country. When she first came here, she lived withRead MoreThe Medical Device And Pharmaceutical Industries3443 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesThus, the medical technology industry is an important player in the European and US economies. It is not surprising then, that when economies compete with ethical responsibilities, there will be controversial observations. Notwithstanding the economic impact, medical devices and pharmaceuticals are an integral part of the global social framework. Our modern society considers health care as a right. Citizens of all nations desire health care treatments that reflect the latest medical technologiesRead MoreCase Study : Health And Fitness Industry3211 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pageshis education and career. Ronak grew up in an area in New Jersey where the population is largely White and Asian. He did his schooling in a public school in the area. Ronak really enjoyed and excelled in subjects such as Mathematics, Calculus and Economics. He does not recollect what he wanted to become in his early childhood however, he clearly remembers that he had decided he wanted to become a doctor in grade 6. Upon asking how he made this decision, Ronak reports that his father, who is a principleRead MoreSuperbugs and Large-scale Use of Antibiotics in Livestock Feeding3115 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pagesindustry, their indiscriminate u se on healthy animals, while cost effective for the meat industry, results in the breeding of dangerous antibiotic bacteria called Ã¢â¬Å"superbugsÃ¢â¬ which have the potential to devastate consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ health. We talk about a pre-antibiotic era and an antibiotic era,Ã¢â¬ CDCÃ¢â¬â¢s director, Dr. Thomas Frieden said in his publication of Ã¢â¬Å"Antibiotic Resistance ThreatsÃ¢â¬ . If were not careful, well be in a post-antibiotic era. For some patients and some microbes, were already thereÃ¢â¬ Read MoreCase Study148348 Words Ã |Ã 594 Pageswork assignments and website material lends itself to form the backbone of learning modules. Section 4 below, which reviews work assignments, provides guidelines on how the issues and materials in the book can be used to provide a structured learning Ã¢â¬ËpathÃ¢â¬â¢ for students. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ 3.4. Time available The study hours available will also influence the course design and the use of text and cases. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ã¢â¬ ¢ For long programmes (50 hours +) it should prove possible to use the text and cases extensively andRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 Pagesis active, not passive. It is a process of discovery in which the student is the main agent, not the teacher.Ã¢â¬ (Adler, 1982) Ã¢â¬Å"Learning is not a spectator sport. Students do not learn much just by sitting in a class listening to teachers, memorizing pre-packaged assignments, and spilling out answers. They must talk about what they are learning, write about it, relate it to past experiences, apply it to their daily lives. They must make what they learn part of themselves.Ã¢â¬ (Chickering Gamson, 1987)Read MoreHbr When Your Core Business Is Dying74686 Words Ã |Ã 299 Pages. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 Lenovo Group . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20, 124 Logitech . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 The London School of Economics and Political Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 LoweÃ¢â¬â¢s . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 McDonaldÃ¢â¬â¢s. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Read MoreBrand Building Blocks96400 Words Ã |Ã 386 Pagesoften an exercise in spreadsheet manipulation of short-term financial data rather than strategic thinking. In addition, firms tend to rotate managers through the organization, the long term becomes much less important than current results to career paths. Managers feel pressure to perform - to turn it around quickly and visibly. c. A short-term focus is created by the performance measures available. Measurements of intangible assets such as brand equity, information technology, or people are
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Downfall of Brutus The play, The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, by William Shakespeare, has two main tragic heroes. Set in Rome and spanning from forty- four to forty-two B.C., the play tells of Brutus and Caesar whom both fall from the highest positions to the lowest of misfortune and then are enlightened on their mistakes. Brutus is the stronger example of a tragic hero in this story. Throughout this play, Brutus commits many faults, falls more drastically than all other characters, and regrets his previous actions by the end of the play. Brutus commits three costly mistakes during the play. The first mistake that he makes is that he participates in the assassination of Julius Caesar. Ã¢â¬Å"People, and senators, be not affrighted.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦He wishes that he had never fallen for CassiusÃ¢â¬â¢s insidious plan to assassinate Caesar, Ã¢â¬Å"Caesar, now be still; / I killed not thee with half so good a willÃ¢â¬ (997). He regrets, that through these action s, he destroys his name and his stature. Brutus, scrutinizing all of his mistakes, and wishing that he had done things differently verifies that he is the main tragic hero in this classic work. Through these final moments of BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢s life, the audience of the play can truly see that Brutus is not lying about his love of Caesar, but that he honestly regrets participating, and is sympathetic about the last years of his life. Brutus, even though he has made many mistakes throughout his life, he makes one final one with his last action. Unfortunately, the audience does not know whether or not he regrets committing suicide. Had he not done so, Antony most likely would have restored some of his stature in Rome, and granted him his life, Ã¢â¬Å"This was the noblest Roman of them all. / All the conspirators save only he / Did that they did in envy of great Caesar; / He, only in a general honest thought / And common good to all, made one of themÃ¢â¬ (998). It is clear that Ant ony is saddened by the loss of Brutus, because he realizes the true meaning of BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢s actions. In conclusion, Brutus is the tragic hero in this play because of the mistakes that he makes, the fall that he takes, and the regrets that he feels after. Brutus will forever be labeled as aShow MoreRelatedExamples Of Patriotism In Julius Caesar1183 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagestrait to have but it can and did lead to be a downfall. Brutus is a patriotic character because he is looking out for the good of Rome in every action he takes. First, he recognizes Julius Caesar as a bad ruler for Rome and wants to do something about it. Then he does something about it, kills Caesar. Where BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢ patriotism leads to a downfall is when he uses it to explain why he does not like Caesar ruling Rome and then justifies killing Caesar. Brutus did not recognize his patriotism was a flawRead MoreJulius Caesar Character Analysis1546 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswith bad consequences. In The Tragedy of J ulius Caesar, one of the main characters, Brutus, trusted his best friend, Cassius, with everything. Brutus trusted that Cassius was right about him being a new ruler of Rome, how killing Caesar would make a safer and better living space for the community, and that the people would support Brutus while he was leading. Cassius saw that Brutus trusted him. He knew how naive Brutus was and knew how to trick him into doing pretty much anything he wanted. So he tookRead MoreHonorable Betrayal Essay1044 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMarcus Brutus is the protagonist and face-man of the insidious conspiracy. He is also the tragic hero in this classic work of literature. AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s definition of the tragic hero is a character that has a character flaw, also known as hubris, and experiences a downfall from a high position in society due to this flaw. After this downfall, a tragic hero experiences an enlightenment. Brutus fits AristotleÃ¢â¬â¢s description perfectly. Brutus has a severe character flaw and experiences a downfall fromRead MoreExamples Of Jealousy In The Tragedy Of Julius Caesar837 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHis tragic flaw is jealousy. His jealousy caused him to rope Brutus into a plot to assassinate Caesar, the Ã¢â¬Å"ruler of Rome.Ã¢â¬ Brutus and Cassius rope others into their plot, ultimately creating their group of conspirators. The Conspirators eventually kill Caesar in Act III and set Rome into turmoil. Marc Antony, CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s second in command, and Octavius, CaesarÃ¢â¬â¢s son, go to war with Cassius and Brutus. The war comes to an end with Brutus and Cassius killing themselves. In William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s playRead MoreDoes Brutus Ã¢â¬Å"QualifyÃ¢â¬ as a Tragic Hero?873 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDoes Brutus Ã¢â¬Å"qualifyÃ¢â¬ as a tragic hero? Marcus Brutus does qualify as the tragic hero in ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s play The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. A tragic hero is a good or even great man and thus wins our sympathy causing catharsis. A tragic hero displays hamartiaÃ¢â¬â the hero makes a mistake causing the downfall of his fortune. A tragic hero usually brings suffering and death to other characters, even a whole country. Finally, a tragic hero goes into a situation in which there is no gettingRead More A HeroÃ¢â¬â¢s Tragic Downfall869 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesA HeroÃ¢â¬â¢s Tragic Downfall In William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, Brutus is portrayed as a tragic hero. He believes he can amend the Roman Empire by killing Caesar and granting Romans freedom from a potential monarchy. Cassius comes to Brutus with intentions of obviating Caesar from the throne. At first, Brutus is against this. Then, Cassius changes his mind by lying to him and persuading him with false letters supposedly from other Romans. Ultimately, Brutus is the tragic hero becauseRead More Brutus is the Tragic Hero of Julius Caesar Essay858 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBrutus is the Tragic Hero of Julius Caesar Ã Ã Ã Ã Shakespeares play Julius Caesar is a tragic play, where the renowned Julius Caesar is on the brink of achieving total control and power by becoming emperor of the Roman Empire. Ironically enough, when he thinks he is one step away from pulling it off, his friends (most from the senate) decide to overthrow him, with Caesars most trusted friend, Marcus Brutus, acting as leader of the conspirators. Though the fall of Caesar from the mostRead MoreMarcus Brutus: Shakespeares Tragic Hero in The Tragedy of Julius Caesar1238 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWilliam Shakespeare illustrates Marcus Brutus as a tragic hero in the play The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. Shakespeare defines tragic hero as a flawed character who has good fortune, and then loses all he has prized, leading to his misfortune, but a tragic hero must have that moment of enlightenment, that moment where a character can see that he caused his own downfall and receives the blame for his own tragedy. The Tragedy of Ju lius Caesar is based on an historical event- the assassination of JuliusRead MoreBrutus and his bad decisions and misfortunes808 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesBrutus: A Tragic Hero The Tragedy of Julius Caesar by William Shakespeare depicts a tragic hero, or one who has high standing and causes his own downfall. The tragic hero is Brutus, and he makes multiple and ultimately fatal mistakes that lead to his enlightenment and then his death. BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢ death is the result of many misfortunes, including being herded into the conspiracy and thus aiding in the death of Caesar, hearing of the death of his loyal wife, and waging a war against Rome. BrutusÃ¢â¬â¢Read MoreMarcus Brutus: The Tragic Hero Of Julius Ceasar972 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"A man cannot become a hero until he can see the root of his own downfall.Ã¢â¬ (Aristotle). It should be noted that the Heroes downfall is his own fault as a result of his own free will, At times his death is seen as a waste of human potential. His death usually is not a pure loss, because it results in greater knowledge and awareness. In Julius Ceasar, William Shakespeare develops Marcus Brutus as the Tragic Hero whose ambition and naivety in his blind confidence in the nobility of man sparked guidance
Session Number: 3 Setting: Office ClientÃ¢â¬â¢s Age: 8 Estimated # of Sessions Required: 15 Case Conceptualization Client History: Client is an eight year old, Caucasian female. The clientÃ¢â¬â¢s mother, age 31 , works out of the home. She in not married or in a relationship at this time. We will write a custom essay sample on Client conceptualization or any similar topic only for you Order Now ClientÃ¢â¬â¢s mother is the sole provider for client and her bother, age 10. ClientÃ¢â¬â¢s mother stated that, Ã¢â¬Å"their dad left when she was Just a baby and they have had no contact with him sinceÃ¢â¬ . LinnetÃ¢â¬â¢s mother stated that clientÃ¢â¬â¢s dad would drink beer on a regular basis during he time in which they were married. ClientÃ¢â¬â¢s mother voiced that she and clientÃ¢â¬â¢s father would argue in front of the children before he left, but they were never violent. ClientÃ¢â¬â¢s mother voiced that she does not drink alcohol or take drugs and never has. ClientÃ¢â¬â¢s mother stated that she has never been In Jail or In trouble with the law. The current legal status of clientÃ¢â¬â¢s father is unknown at this time, as he now lives Ã¢â¬Å"out of stateÃ¢â¬ . ClientÃ¢â¬â¢s mother has never remarried and has not brought any boyfriends around the children. ClientÃ¢â¬â¢s mother stated that client interacts well with her brother, UT Ã¢â¬Å"they start out playing nice then they get rough and someone starts to cryÃ¢â¬â¢. Client is going to be in the second grade at a local public school next year. Her grades in school are not consistent, varying from As to As. Client is indifferent about going to school and stated that she Ã¢â¬Å"doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t care if I have to go or notÃ¢â¬ . Client goes to a separate class to help her with her math and reading. Client began this last year, and mother states that there has been some improvement. Client does not have many friends at school. She has been suspended for hitting and kicking other dents. When asked why she was aggressive with the other students, client responded, Ã¢â¬Å"they were being mean to me and talking about my kitty. When asked about her pregnancy with the client, her mother responded, Ã¢â¬Å"l had a normal pregnancy and was not sick much. I took my vitamins everyday and tried to take care of my self. I had her at 39 weeks and 4 daysÃ¢â¬ . When discussing clientÃ¢â¬â¢s development as a toddler, her mother stated Ã¢â¬Å"she was always a happy toddler, she would get upset when she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t get her way or her brother took something from her. Present Concerns: The client was brought in to the agency by her mother. ClientÃ¢â¬â¢s mother stated, Ã¢â¬Å"l am worried about her because she plays very rough with her animals and her brotherÃ¢â¬ . Mother stated that client has a difficult time following directions and is aggressive with her words as well. Mother stated that client is Ã¢â¬Å"very aggressive when I OFF upÃ¢â¬ for no reason at all; it does not take much to anger her. Mother reports that client fights with her brother while at home and does not get along with the neighbors. Actual Core Issues: Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CB) seems to be the most appropriate approach to apply to this case. The CB model has great appeal because it focuses on human thought. Human cognitive abilities have been responsible for our many accomplishments so may also be responsible for our problems. By exploring patterns of thinking that lead to self-destructive actions and the beliefs that direct these thoughts, this client can modify her patterns of thinking to improve coping. CB is a type of psychotherapy that is different from traditional psychodrama psychotherapy in that the therapist and the client will actively work together to help the client recover from their mental illness. People who seek CB can expect their therapist to be problem-focused, and goal-directed in addressing the challenging symptoms of mental illnesses. Because CB is an active intervention, one can also expect to do homework or practice outside of sessions. Cognitive Behavior Therapy is usually more focused on the present, more time-limited, and more problem-solving oriented. In addition, patients learn specific skills that they can use for the rest of their lives. These skills involve identifying distorted thinking, modifying beliefs, relating to others in different ways, and changing behaviors The clientÃ¢â¬â¢s mother brought her in for services because of her Ã¢â¬Å"roughÃ¢â¬ behaviors and aggression. With CB, the therapist will focus on the thoughts that are causing the feelings, which are then causing the behaviors. When others tell the client something that she does not agree with or like, the client has an anger outburst and sometimes uses physical harm on the other person. The aggressive behavior could be triggered by the thought that no one else cares about what she thinks. With the CB model, we can help the client take responsibility for her own actions. When the linen plays rough with her brother, she gets angry and hits him. That behavior is triggered by the thought that clientÃ¢â¬â¢s brother is playing too rough with her and trying to hurt her. Through redirection, the therapist can work with the client to understand how positive and negative thoughts lead to a specific thought, which then lead to a behavior. When the client is able to understand how her thoughts lead to a specific behavior, and the counselor has helped the client change the direction of her thoughts, the client will be better. When she is able to identify that a thought does to have to a negative reaction, the client will be able to discharge from treatment. Treatment Intervention: The treatment intervention here, should involve the active participation of the client in exploring her thoughts and behaviors. The expectation is that the client can realize how many distorted beliefs she has and help redirect her to healthy thoughts. The clientÃ¢â¬â¢s treatment will focus on thought patterns that cause distress and also on developing more realistic interpretations of events. Delusions are treated by their beliefs and encouraging them to recognize evidence that may have been overlooked, evidence that does not support the belief. The benefit of using CB with this client is that by changing the way she thinks about a situation, the client will be able to control her behavior. The goal of treatment is aimed to help the client become aware of when she makes negative interpretations, and of behavioral patterns, which reinforce her negative thinking. CB will help her develop alternative ways of thinking and behaving to reduce the psychological distress. It will be the counselorÃ¢â¬â¢s Job to teach the client how to identify distorted cognitions through a process of evaluation. The linen will learn to discriminate between her own thoughts and reality. The end goal is for the client to be able to identify her own unhelpful benefits and prove them wrong resulting in her beliefs changing. The role of the counselor is to help the client solve problems that are of greatest distress. This can be done through a structure that seeks to maximize efficiency, learning, and therapeutic change. Important parts of each session include a mood check, a bridge between sessions, proportioning an agenda, discussing specific problems and teaching skills in the context of solving these problems, setting of self- alp assignments, summary, and feedback. How to cite Client conceptualization, Papers
Saturday, April 25, 2020
Usually people who love wine prefer white or red. Although both of them are produced by grape, there are several differences between those two noble beverages. According to a number of researchers, red wine contains elements good for heart; therefore, red wine is more helpful for health due to its capability to prevent heart diseases and protect arteries from damage.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on White Wines vs. Red Wines specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Comparing the features of white and red wines, we can notice that both of them have a number of good qualities which make them attractive to people. Thus, white wine has crisp, fruity flavor and aroma, while red one has a richer flavor. Obviously, variety of colors is caused by the use of different grapes. Red wine is made from black and dark red grapes. Due to the different raw materials, and especially components from the skin of grapes, white and red wines d iffer in tannins that cause the color and flavor of red wines. Health benefits of red wines are the major argument of those people who like red more than white. Although red wine helps preventing heart diseases and protecting arteries due to its antioxidants, white wine contains fewer calories. However, their level can vary according to the concrete wine. French people have less level of heart diseases due to their habit of drinking a glass of red wine every day. The strongest antioxidants contained in red wine such as reservatrol make it healthier than white one. Reservatrol prevents the damage of blood vessels and the blood clots that are very dangerous for live. Taking into account the caloric content, we can say that both types have almost the same per cent. However, mostly, white wine contains fewer ratios of calories than red wine. Nevertheless, this characteristic does not provide the serious arguments in support of white wine. Besides, white wine is more acidic and more dang erous for the teeth. In culinary, red wine is more popular than white one. There are docents of recipes of cooking with red wine. As it had been mentioned before, red wine has stronger flavor and aroma. As cooks want to make their dish more intensive and to enhance its taste, aroma and color, they usually use red wine as a marinade, cooking liquid or additional ingredient to a finished dish. For instance, this type of wine tastes good with meat, while white is used with fish. Red wine paints a sauce to the purple color and brings the special taste. However, it is difficult to state upon one assertion due to the different tastes of people and hundreds of methods and recopies. Thereby, a good cook can use any kind of wine, trying to create a new taste of the dishes. White and red wines are very different due to the materials of production. Red wine is healthier and helps preventing heart diseases and protecting arteries from damage. Due to the intensive color and aroma, red wine is mo re popular in culinary. However, many people prefer white wine because of its taste.Advertising Looking for essay on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The level of calories in the both types is almost the same. In any situation, it is important to remember that both red and white wines have the same effect on the human body and mind. Therefore, in is necessary to control the use of wine, limiting it to one glass per day. This essay on White Wines vs. Red Wines was written and submitted by user Elise Walker to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Biography of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. 943 words. His family, childhood, and works are mentioned in this relatively short bio.
Biography of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. 943 words. His family, childhood, and works are mentioned in this relatively short bio. Wolfgang Amadeus MozartWolfgang Amadeus Mozart is acknowledged as the greatest natural genius of music. Robert Schumann wrote, "There are things in the world about which nothing can be said, as Mozart's C Major Symphony, much of Shakespeare and pages of Beethoven." (Goulding, 1992, p. 115) Tchaikovsky called Mozart "the music Christ." (Goulding, 1992, p. 116)Mozart was born in Salzburg, Austria on January 27, 1756. His full christened name was Joannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart. He commonly called himself Wolfgang Amade or Wolfgang Gottliet. His father, Leopold, was a composer, author, and a great violinist in the Archbishop of the Holy Roman Empire's orchestra. He taught him to play the piano at the age of four. By the time Mozart was six, he was a skilled musician.Mozart never had an ordinary childhood. He didn't attend school as most of us would today, but instead, his father taught them at home.The above is regarded by historians as the most ac...He is said to have been very good at mathematics and he could also speak seven different languages! He was lucky enough to visit Vienna in 1762, Paris in 1763, London in 1764, and Italy in 1769 at the age of thirteen. (TopBiography.com, 2001)As a young child in Rome, he wrote out the entire score of a nine-voice religious work after hearing it only twice! He wrote his first symphony at the age of eight, his first oratorio at eleven, and his first opera at the age of twelve. When he was fourteen, he conducted twenty performances of that opera. He was a recognizable person. The Pope decorated him and Empress Maria Theresa took note of him. (TopBiography.com, 2001)When he was fifteen, he entered the service of the Archbishop in Salzburg in a minor capacity and kept that job for about ten years only leaving...
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Definition and Examples of Subjunctive Mood in English In English grammar, the subjunctive is the mood of a verb expressing wishes, stipulating demands, or making statements contrary to fact.Ã Etymologically, the word subjunctive is from theÃ Latin, subjoin, bind, subordinate.Ã Pronunciation:Ã sub-JUNG-tifÃ mood The present subjunctive is the bare form of a verb (that is, a verb with no ending). It does not show agreement with its subject. (Example: I strongly recommend that he retire.) Two patterns of the present subjunctive are generally recognized: Formulaic SubjunctiveMandative Subjunctive The only distinctive form of the past subjunctive is the word were. It is used with singular subjects in conditional sentences and with the subordinating conjunctions as if and as though. (Example: I love him as if he were my son.) Guidelines for Using the Subjunctive The subjunctive may be used in the following circumstances in formal writing. Contrary-to-fact clauses beginning with if:If I were two-faced, would I be wearing this one?(Abraham Lincoln)Contrary-to-fact clauses expressing a wish:At that moment, I had the most desperate wish that she were dead.(Harrison Ford as Rusty Sabich in Presumed Innocent, 1990)That clauses after verbs such as ask, demand, insist, propose, request, and suggest:I demand that he leave at once.Statements of necessity:Its necessary that she be in the room with you.Certain fixed expressions:as it were, be that as it may be, far be it from me, heaven forbid, if need be, so be it, suffice it to say Additional Examples and Observations I wouldnt bring up Paris if I were you. Its poor salesmanship.(Humphrey Bogart as Rick in Casablanca, 1942)Even the dog, an animal used to bizarre surroundings, developed a strange, off-register look, as if he were badly printed in overlapping colors.(S.J. Perelman, quoted by Roy Blount, Jr., in Alphabet Juice, 2008)Well sir, all I can say is if I were a bell, Id be ringing!(Frank Loesser, If I Were a Bell. Guys and Dolls, 1950)If music be the food of love, play on.(William Shakespeare, Twelfth Night)The public be damned.(William Henry Vanderbilt, Oct. 8, 1882)If I see one more shirttail flapping while Im captain of this ship, woe betide the sailor; woe betide the OOD; and woe betide the morale officer. I kid you not.(Humphrey Bogart as Lt. Commander Philip Francis Queeg in The Caine Mutiny, 1954)If there were a death penalty for corporations, Enron may have earned it.In the night he awoke and held her tight as though she were all of life and it was being taken away from him.(Robert Jordan in For Whom the Bell Tolls by Ernest Hemingway, 1940) The Were-Subjunctive (Irrealis Were) Teachers call this by a formidable word, subjunctive, meaning lacking in reality. What it refers to is actually the Fairy Tale Syndrome. If I were a rich man, could be such a mood. It refers to something that is not possible. If the possibility exists, the sentence would read: If I was a rich man. (Val Dumond, Grammar for Grownups. HarperCollins, 1993)Unlike the mandative subjunctive, the were-subjunctive in counterfactual if-clauses is a recessive feature of standard written English. It is not being replaced by a modal but, instead, by indicative was. Would be instead of were in counterfactual if-clauses is still largely confined to informal, spoken English. It is meeting with strong prescriptive reaction, especially in the US. One side-effect of this, so to speak, is hypercorrect use of were in non-counterfactuals. (Geoffrey Leech, Marianne Hundt, Christian Mair, and Nicholas Smith, Change in Contemporary English: A Grammatical Study. Cambridge University Press, 2012) Advice As with the misuse of whom instead of who, . . . using the subjunctive wrongly is worse than not using it all, and will make you look pompous and silly. (David Marsh and Amelia Hodsdon, Guardian Style, 3rd ed. Guardian Books, 2010)The subjunctive mood is in its death throes, and the best thing to do is put it out of its misery as soon as possible. (Somerset Maugham, A Writers Notebook, 1949) The Lighter Side of Subjunctives Detective Sergeant Lewis: All that stonework, must take months to do the pointing.Chief Inspector Morse: Youre not a bloody mason, are you?Detective Sergeant Lewis: No such luck. I might have been a Chief Inspector by now if I was.Chief Inspector Morse: Were, Lewis, if you were. Youll never get on if you cant master your subjunctives. Keep touching your forelock, we may be back in Oxford before lunch.Detective Sergeant Lewis: Shouldnt that be might?(Kevin Whately and John Thaw in Ghost in the Machine. Inspector Morse, 1987)Dancer: [reading a book titled English Grammar and Usage] Julie, you take this whole business about the subjunctive. I dont know.Julian: All right, Dancer, all right. Whats so difficult about the subjunctive?Dancer: Well, you take this, for instance: If I was you. You know? Thats all wrong. It says here, If I were you. How far can you go with this speech stuff?Julian: It sets you up, Dancer. It sets you up. Remember that. How many characters do you know hang around street corners can say, If I were you? How many, huh?Dancer: If I were you. If I were you.(Eli Wallach and Robert Keith in The Lineup, 1958)
Friday, February 14, 2020
Read part 4 to 6 from the attachment of Meditation on first philiosophy and follow the insturction in details - Essay Example The existence of God, although greatly doubted by many earthiest, exhibits itself in the mind and the soul as nobody ahs been able to explain the non-existence of God and whether the soul dies and the body dies (Rene, 2008). The author of the book is a strong catholic believer and had devoted his time in the demonstration of his belief, God exists and that the body and the mind are very distinct. He is very elaborate and does not fail to recognize the beliefs of other (although he and the others lack proof) about the existence of God and the distinct nature of the soul and the body (Rene, 2008). The writer, as a strong catholic, believed that his faith was real since he had been brought up as a catholic and because the world lacks clear facts about the non-existence of God. The reasoning he portray is greatly accepted in the world by a vast majority. Rene escartes (2008). Mediations on first philosophy in which the existence of God an the distinction of the soul and body are demonstrated. Hacket publishing company Indianapolis/Cambridge third